Phonemic Awareness Activities
From Mrs. Brooks, Retired Lakeview Reading Specialist
Here's a list of activities for parents to use to reinforce what is happening in Mrs. Jones' classroom. We hope this is a positive and fun one-on-one time with your child.
These activities are intended to be done orally and for short periods of
time (5-7 min.) repeatedly, during everyday life. Examples: at the store, in the car, in the bath tub, waiting for appointments, waiting in line, etc.
To Parents: Our English language spelling system is based (mostly) on
rhyming patterns: phonetics. It is important that children learn to
recognize and produce rhymes before they can effectively use formal
1. Parent reads a nursery rhyme, song, poem, or jingle aloud.
Child identifies the rhyming words that he/she heard.
2. Rhyme Hunt
Parent thinks of a one syllable word; for example, "you."
Parent chants, "Let's make a rhyme for "you."
Child answers: "stew"
Sample word list:
3. What Does Not Belong?
Parent gives the child three words. Two of the words rhyme. Child finds the word
that does not belong (does not rhyme).
Parent: "rat, men, hat"
Sample Word List
1. Blending and Segmenting Words (putting together words and taking them
apart). Be sure to say the sounds -- not the names of the letters.
Parent says, "Start with 'l', add 'unch.' What's the word?"
Parent: "Start with 's' and add 'andwich.' What's the word?"
Parent: "Start with 'superma', add an 'n' sound. What's the word?"
Parent: "Start with 'stam,' add a 'p' sound. What's the word?"
Continue the above activities with any familiar words.
2. Middle Sounds:
Parent says three words with same middle vowel sound.
Parent: "teeth, cheek, deep. What sound do you hear in the middle?"
Continue activity with different vowel sounds.
Sample word list:
3. Whole Word (from part to whole)
Parent gives the child a one-syllable word to blend, one sound (not letter) at a time.
Parent: "b...i...g" What's the word?"
Parent: "s...t...o...p" What's the word?"
Helpful Hint: A great time to accomplish these activities is in your
car. You can read street signs and other print that you may come across.
4. Whole Word (from whole to part)
Parent says entire word: "big"
Child says each individual sound: "b...i...g"
Sample word list (any words will work)
when (remember, the "h" is silent -- so your child won't hear it.)
5. Change the Name Game
Parent: "Say 'man'"
Parent: "Say it again, but this time say 't' instead of 'm'."
Parent uses word families to continue playing the game substituting beginning sounds to make new words.
A Note from Mrs. Jones: When my daughters were very little we played an impromptu game in the bath tub one night. Before they washed a part of their body we would call it a blended word we made up, for example, they had "steet" or stinky feet and once they washed them they had "cleet" or "clean feet." It was a fun game to play to learn body parts and to play with letter sounds.